Examining the Foot: Hallux Valgus

Hallux valgus, or a bunion, is a bump one gets on the side of the base of the big toe when the big toe deviates inward. Yes, that is the classic explanation but what is really happening to the big toe? Besides the three bones that make up the big toe (metatarsals, proximal and distal phalanges) there are also four muscles and two small bones (sesamoids) that support the big toe. When these bones and muscles shift from their anatomical...

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