The type of treatment that an individual may experience in a chiropractic office differs based on his or her needs, history, risk factors, preferences and tolerance. Typically, there are 2-3 main chiropractic adjustment techniques and 2-3 types of soft tissue techniques that are used in most chiropractic offices. In addition, exercises and rehabilitation recommendations provided by chiropractors are based on the best and most up-to-date information available. A brief summary of the three most commonly used chiropractic adjusting techniques in Canada, one type of technique commonly used in prenatal care, and two types of commonly used soft tissue therapies is below
Diversified Chiropractic Technique
Diversified technique is the most commonly used adjustment technique by chiropractors. Like many chiropractic and osteopathic manipulative techniques, Diversified is characterized by a high-velocity, low-amplitude thrust. Diversified is considered the most generic chiropractic manipulative technique and is differentiated from other techniques in that its objective is to restore proper movement and alignment of spine and joint dysfunction. The diversified technique remains the principal system taught at most chiropractic colleges today.
Activator Methods Chiropractic Technique
The Activator Methods Chiropractic Technique is a chiropractic treatment method developed as an alternative to manual manipulation or adjustment to the spine or extremity joints. It uses a hand-held mechanical device that produces a localized impulse that increases mobility at the targeted joint. Activator Method is often used when manual therapy is not performed due to patient preference.
Thompson Chiropractic Technique
The Thompson Technique is another method of adjustment that uses a ‘drop table’ to facilitate an adjustment. A firm but gentle thrust is applied to the targeted joint, and sets a piece of the table into motion, allowing the bone to very gently move back into place. Thompson Chiropractic Technique is appropriate for all ages.
The Webster technique is a specific chiropractic assessment and treatment protocol which adresses pelvic dysfunction and its neurobiomechanical effect on the uterus and pelvic structures of pregnant women. The ICPA (International Chiropractic Pedciatric Association) recognizes that in a theoretical and clinical framework of the Webster Technique in the care of pregnant women, it is proposed that sacral misalignment may contribute to three primary causes of difficult labour (dystocia) via uterine nerve interference, pelvic misalignment and the tightening and torsion of specific pelvic muscles and ligaments. The resulting tense muscles and ligaments and their negative effect on the uterus may prevent the baby from comfortably assuming the best possible position for birth.
Active Release Technique
Active Release Technique (ART) is a movement based, soft tissue therapy technique that addresses the buildup of scar tissue over time through overuse or other injury. It addresses an underlying cause of shortened and weakened muscles, tension in muscles and tendons, and many cases of nerve impingement, which all lead to a reduced range of motion, loss of strength, and pain.
Rock taping, K-taping